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XMLUtil.java

/*
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS HEADER.
 *
 * Copyright 1997-2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of either the GNU
 * General Public License Version 2 only ("GPL") or the Common
 * Development and Distribution License("CDDL") (collectively, the
 * "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the
 * License. You can obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.netbeans.org/cddl-gplv2.html
 * or nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP. See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations under the
 * License.  When distributing the software, include this License Header
 * Notice in each file and include the License file at
 * nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP.  Sun designates this
 * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
 * by Sun in the GPL Version 2 section of the License file that
 * accompanied this code. If applicable, add the following below the
 * License Header, with the fields enclosed by brackets [] replaced by
 * your own identifying information:
 * "Portions Copyrighted [year] [name of copyright owner]"
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *
 * The Original Software is NetBeans. The Initial Developer of the Original
 * Software is Sun Microsystems, Inc. Portions Copyright 1997-2006 Sun
 * Microsystems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * If you wish your version of this file to be governed by only the CDDL
 * or only the GPL Version 2, indicate your decision by adding
 * "[Contributor] elects to include this software in this distribution
 * under the [CDDL or GPL Version 2] license." If you do not indicate a
 * single choice of license, a recipient has the option to distribute
 * your version of this file under either the CDDL, the GPL Version 2 or
 * to extend the choice of license to its licensees as provided above.
 * However, if you add GPL Version 2 code and therefore, elected the GPL
 * Version 2 license, then the option applies only if the new code is
 * made subject to such option by the copyright holder.
 */

package org.netbeans.nbbuild;

import java.io.CharConversionException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys;
import javax.xml.transform.Result;
import javax.xml.transform.Source;
import javax.xml.transform.Transformer;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactoryConfigurationError;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamResult;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource;
import org.w3c.dom.DOMException;
import org.w3c.dom.DOMImplementation;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.DocumentType;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;
import org.w3c.dom.Text;
import org.xml.sax.EntityResolver;
import org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

/**
 * Utility class collecting library methods related to XML processing.
 * @author Petr Kuzel, Jesse Glick
 */
00079 public final class XMLUtil extends Object {

    private XMLUtil() {}

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    private static final ThreadLocal<DocumentBuilder>[] builderTL = new ThreadLocal[4];
    static {
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
            builderTL[i] = new ThreadLocal<DocumentBuilder>();
        }
    }
    public static Document parse (
            InputSource input, 
            boolean validate, 
            boolean namespaceAware,
            ErrorHandler errorHandler,             
            EntityResolver entityResolver
        ) throws IOException, SAXException {
        
        int index = (validate ? 0 : 1) + (namespaceAware ? 0 : 2);
        DocumentBuilder builder = builderTL[index].get();
        if (builder == null) {
            DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
            factory.setValidating(validate);
            factory.setNamespaceAware(namespaceAware);

            try {
                builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
            } catch (ParserConfigurationException ex) {
                throw new SAXException(ex);
            }
            builderTL[index].set(builder);
        }
        
        if (errorHandler != null) {
            builder.setErrorHandler(errorHandler);
        }
        
        if (entityResolver != null) {
            builder.setEntityResolver(entityResolver);
        }
        
        return builder.parse(input);
    }
    
    public static Document createDocument(String rootQName) throws DOMException {
        DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
        try {
            return factory.newDocumentBuilder().getDOMImplementation().createDocument(null, rootQName, null);
        } catch (ParserConfigurationException ex) {
            throw (DOMException)new DOMException(DOMException.NOT_SUPPORTED_ERR, "Cannot create parser").initCause(ex); // NOI18N
        }
    }
    
    private static DOMImplementation getDOMImplementation() throws DOMException { //can be made public
        
        DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
    
        try {
            return factory.newDocumentBuilder().getDOMImplementation();
        } catch (ParserConfigurationException ex) {
            throw (DOMException)new DOMException(DOMException.NOT_SUPPORTED_ERR, "Cannot create parser").initCause(ex); // NOI18N
        }        
    }

    // Cf. org.openide.xml.XMLUtil.
    private static final String IDENTITY_XSLT_WITH_INDENT =
            "<xsl:stylesheet version='1.0' " + // NOI18N
            "xmlns:xsl='http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform' " + // NOI18N
            "xmlns:xalan='http://xml.apache.org/xslt' " + // NOI18N
            "exclude-result-prefixes='xalan'>" + // NOI18N
            "<xsl:output method='xml' indent='yes' xalan:indent-amount='4'/>" + // NOI18N
            "<xsl:template match='@*|node()'>" + // NOI18N
            "<xsl:copy>" + // NOI18N
            "<xsl:apply-templates select='@*|node()'/>" + // NOI18N
            "</xsl:copy>" + // NOI18N
            "</xsl:template>" + // NOI18N
            "</xsl:stylesheet>"; // NOI18N

    public static void write(Document doc, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        // XXX note that this may fail to write out namespaces correctly if the document
        // is created with namespaces and no explicit prefixes; however no code in
        // this package is likely to be doing so
        try {
            Transformer t = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer(
                    new StreamSource(new StringReader(IDENTITY_XSLT_WITH_INDENT)));
            DocumentType dt = doc.getDoctype();
            if (dt != null) {
                String pub = dt.getPublicId();
                if (pub != null) {
                    t.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.DOCTYPE_PUBLIC, pub);
                }
                t.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.DOCTYPE_SYSTEM, dt.getSystemId());
            }
            t.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.ENCODING, "UTF-8"); // NOI18N
            Source source = new DOMSource(doc);
            Result result = new StreamResult(out);
            t.transform(source, result);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw (IOException)new IOException(e.toString()).initCause(e);
        } catch (TransformerFactoryConfigurationError e) {
            throw (IOException)new IOException(e.toString()).initCause(e);
        }
    }

    public static void write(Element el, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        try {
            Transformer t = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer(
                    new StreamSource(new StringReader(IDENTITY_XSLT_WITH_INDENT)));
            t.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.ENCODING, "UTF-8"); // NOI18N
            t.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.OMIT_XML_DECLARATION, "yes");
            Source source = new DOMSource(el);
            Result result = new StreamResult(out);
            t.transform(source, result);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw (IOException) new IOException(e.toString()).initCause(e);
        } catch (TransformerFactoryConfigurationError e) {
            throw (IOException) new IOException(e.toString()).initCause(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Search for an XML element in the direct children of a parent.
     * DOM provides a similar method but it does a recursive search
     * which we do not want. It also gives a node list and we want
     * only one result.
     * @param parent a parent element
     * @param name the intended local name
     * @param namespace the intended namespace (or null)
     * @return the one child element with that name, or null if none or more than one
     */
00210     public static Element findElement(Element parent, String name, String namespace) {
        Element result = null;
        NodeList l = parent.getChildNodes();
        for (int i = 0; i < l.getLength(); i++) {
            if (l.item(i).getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
                Element el = (Element)l.item(i);
                if ((namespace == null && name.equals(el.getTagName())) ||
                    (namespace != null && name.equals(el.getLocalName()) &&
                                          namespace.equals(el.getNamespaceURI()))) {
                    if (result == null) {
                        result = el;
                    } else {
                        return null;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
    
    /**
     * Extract nested text from an element.
     * Currently does not handle coalescing text nodes, CDATA sections, etc.
     * @param parent a parent element
     * @return the nested text, or null if none was found
     */
00236     static String findText(Element parent) {
        NodeList l = parent.getChildNodes();
        for (int i = 0; i < l.getLength(); i++) {
            if (l.item(i).getNodeType() == Node.TEXT_NODE) {
                Text text = (Text)l.item(i);
                return text.getNodeValue();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }
    
    /**
     * Find all direct child elements of an element.
     * More useful than {@link Element#getElementsByTagNameNS} because it does
     * not recurse into recursive child elements.
     * Children which are all-whitespace text nodes or comments are ignored; others cause
     * an exception to be thrown.
     * @param parent a parent element in a DOM tree
     * @return a list of direct child elements (may be empty)
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if there are non-element children besides whitespace
     */
00257     static List<Element> findSubElements(Element parent) throws IllegalArgumentException {
        NodeList l = parent.getChildNodes();
        List<Element> elements = new ArrayList<Element>(l.getLength());
        for (int i = 0; i < l.getLength(); i++) {
            Node n = l.item(i);
            if (n.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
                elements.add((Element)n);
            } else if (n.getNodeType() == Node.TEXT_NODE) {
                String text = ((Text)n).getNodeValue();
                if (text.trim().length() > 0) {
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException("non-ws text encountered in " + parent + ": " + text); // NOI18N
                }
            } else if (n.getNodeType() == Node.COMMENT_NODE) {
                // OK, ignore
            } else {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("unexpected non-element child of " + parent + ": " + n); // NOI18N
            }
        }
        return elements;
    }
    
    static String toElementContent(String val) throws CharConversionException {
        if (val == null) {
            throw new CharConversionException("null"); // NOI18N
        }

        if (checkContentCharacters(val)) {
            return val;
        }

        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < val.length(); i++) {
            char ch = val.charAt(i);

            if ('<' == ch) {
                buf.append("&lt;");

                continue;
            } else if ('&' == ch) {
                buf.append("&amp;");

                continue;
            } else if (('>' == ch) && (i > 1) && (val.charAt(i - 2) == ']') && (val.charAt(i - 1) == ']')) {
                buf.append("&gt;");

                continue;
            }

            buf.append(ch);
        }

        return buf.toString();
    }
    private static boolean checkContentCharacters(String chars)
    throws CharConversionException {
        boolean escape = false;

        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length(); i++) {
            char ch = chars.charAt(i);

            if (((int) ch) <= 93) { // we are UNICODE ']'

                switch (ch) {
                case 0x9:
                case 0xA:
                case 0xD:

                    continue;

                case '>': // only ]]> is dangerous

                    if (escape) {
                        continue;
                    }

                    escape = (i > 0) && (chars.charAt(i - 1) == ']');

                    continue;

                case '<':
                case '&':
                    escape = true;

                    continue;

                default:

                    if (((int) ch) < 0x20) {
                        throw new CharConversionException("Invalid XML character &#" + ((int) ch) + ";.");
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        return escape == false;
    }

}

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