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SortSuiteModules.java

/*
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS HEADER.
 *
 * Copyright 1997-2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of either the GNU
 * General Public License Version 2 only ("GPL") or the Common
 * Development and Distribution License("CDDL") (collectively, the
 * "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the
 * License. You can obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.netbeans.org/cddl-gplv2.html
 * or nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP. See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations under the
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 * Notice in each file and include the License file at
 * nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP.  Sun designates this
 * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
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 * The Original Software is NetBeans. The Initial Developer of the Original
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 * If you wish your version of this file to be governed by only the CDDL
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 * However, if you add GPL Version 2 code and therefore, elected the GPL
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package org.netbeans.nbbuild;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.StringWriter;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.Stack;
import java.util.TreeMap;
import org.apache.tools.ant.BuildException;
import org.apache.tools.ant.Project;
import org.apache.tools.ant.Task;
import org.apache.tools.ant.types.Path;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

/**
 * Task to sort the list of modules in a suite by their declared build dependencies.
 * @author Jesse Glick
 */
00073 public class SortSuiteModules extends Task {
    private boolean sortTests;
    private Path unsortedModules;
    /**
     * Set a list of modules in the suite.
     * Each entry should be a project base directory.
     */
00080     public void setUnsortedModules(Path unsortedModules) {
        this.unsortedModules = unsortedModules;
    }

    private String sortedModulesProperty;
    /**
     * Set a property name in which to store a sorted path of module base directories.
     */
00088     public void setSortedModulesProperty(String sortedModulesProperty) {
        this.sortedModulesProperty = sortedModulesProperty;
    }

    /** Is enabled sorting test dependencies?
     */
00094     public boolean isSortTests() {
        return sortTests;
    }

    /** Enable or disable sorting test dependenciens. Default value is false.
     */
00100     public void setSortTests(boolean sortTests) {
        this.sortTests = sortTests;
    }

    public SortSuiteModules() {}

    public @Override void execute() throws BuildException {
        if (unsortedModules == null) {
            throw new BuildException("Must set unsortedModules");
        }
        if (sortedModulesProperty == null) {
            throw new BuildException("Must set sortedModulesProperty");
        }
        Map<String,File> basedirsByCNB = new TreeMap<String,File>();
        Map<String,List<String>> buildDeps = new HashMap<String,List<String>>();
        for (String piece : unsortedModules.list()) {
            File d = new File(piece);
            File projectXml = new File(d, "nbproject" + File.separatorChar + "project.xml");
            if (!projectXml.isFile()) {
                throw new BuildException("Cannot open " + projectXml, getLocation());
            }
            Document doc;
            try {
                doc = XMLUtil.parse(new InputSource(projectXml.toURI().toString()), false, true, null, null);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new BuildException("Error parsing " + projectXml + ": " + e, e, getLocation());
            } catch (SAXException e) {
                throw new BuildException("Error parsing " + projectXml + ": " + e, e, getLocation());
            }
            Element config = XMLUtil.findElement(doc.getDocumentElement(), "configuration", ParseProjectXml.PROJECT_NS);
            if (config == null) {
                throw new BuildException("Malformed project file " + projectXml, getLocation());
            }
            Element data = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(config, "data");
            if (data == null) {
                log("Skipping " + projectXml + " as it does not look like a module project", Project.MSG_WARN);
                continue;
            }
            Element cnbEl = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(data, "code-name-base");
            if (cnbEl == null) {
                throw new BuildException("Malformed project file " + projectXml, getLocation());
            }
            String cnb = XMLUtil.findText(cnbEl);
            basedirsByCNB.put(cnb, d);
            List<String> deps = new LinkedList<String>();
            Element depsEl = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(data, "module-dependencies");
            if (depsEl == null) {
                throw new BuildException("Malformed project file " + projectXml, getLocation());
            }
            for (Element dep : XMLUtil.findSubElements(depsEl)) {
                if (ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(dep, "build-prerequisite") == null) {
                    continue;
                }
                Element cnbEl2 = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(dep, "code-name-base");
                if (cnbEl2 == null) {
                    throw new BuildException("Malformed project file " + projectXml, getLocation());
                }
                String cnb2 = XMLUtil.findText(cnbEl2);
                deps.add(cnb2);
            }
            buildDeps.put(cnb, deps);

            // create test dependencies
            if (isSortTests()) {
                Element testDepsEl = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(data,"test-dependencies");
                if (testDepsEl != null) {
                    // <test-type>
                    Iterator itTType = XMLUtil.findSubElements(testDepsEl).iterator();
                    while (itTType.hasNext()) {
                        Iterator itt = XMLUtil.findSubElements((Element)itTType.next()).iterator();
                        while (itt.hasNext()) {
                            Element dep = (Element) itt.next();
                            if (ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(dep, "test") == null) {
                                continue;
                            }
                            Element cnbEl2 = ParseProjectXml.findNBMElement(dep, "code-name-base");
                            if (cnbEl2 == null) {
                                throw new BuildException("No cobase found for test-dependency");
                            }
                            String cnb2 = XMLUtil.findText(cnbEl2);
                            deps.add(cnb2);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        for (List<String> deps: buildDeps.values()) {
            deps.retainAll(basedirsByCNB.keySet());
        }
        Map<String,List<String>> reversedDeps = new HashMap<String,List<String>>();
        for (Map.Entry<String,List<String>> entry : buildDeps.entrySet()) {
            for (String from : entry.getValue()) {
                String to = entry.getKey();
                List<String> tos = reversedDeps.get(from);
                if (tos == null) {
                    reversedDeps.put(from, tos = new ArrayList<String>());
                }
                tos.add(to);
            }
        }
        List<String> cnbs;
        try {
            cnbs = topologicalSort(basedirsByCNB.keySet(), reversedDeps);
        } catch (TopologicalSortException x) {
            throw new BuildException(x.getMessage(), x, getLocation());
        }
        StringBuffer path = new StringBuffer();
        for (String cnb: cnbs) {
            assert basedirsByCNB.containsKey(cnb);
            if (path.length() > 0) {
                path.append(File.pathSeparatorChar);
            }
            path.append(basedirsByCNB.get(cnb).getAbsolutePath());
        }
        getProject().setNewProperty(sortedModulesProperty, path.toString());
    }
    // Stolen from org.openide.util.Utilities:
    private static <T> List<T> topologicalSort(Collection<T> c, Map<? super T, ? extends Collection<? extends T>> edges)
    throws TopologicalSortException {
        Map<T,Boolean> finished = new HashMap<T,Boolean>();
        List<T> r = new ArrayList<T>(Math.max(c.size(), 1));
        List<T> cRev = new ArrayList<T>(c);
        Collections.reverse(cRev);

        Iterator<T> it = cRev.iterator();

        while (it.hasNext()) {
            List<T> cycle = visit(it.next(), edges, finished, r);

            if (cycle != null) {
                throw new TopologicalSortException(cRev, edges);
            }
        }

        Collections.reverse(r);
        if (r.size() != c.size()) {
            r.retainAll(c);
        }

        return r;
    }
    private static <T> List<T> visit(
        T node,
        Map<? super T, ? extends Collection<? extends T>> edges,
        Map<T,Boolean> finished,
        List<T> r
    ) {
        Boolean b = finished.get(node);

        //System.err.println("node=" + node + " color=" + b);
        if (b != null) {
            if (b.booleanValue()) {
                return null;
            }

            ArrayList<T> cycle = new ArrayList<T>();
            cycle.add(node);
            finished.put(node, null);

            return cycle;
        }

        Collection<? extends T> e = edges.get(node);

        if (e != null) {
            finished.put(node, Boolean.FALSE);

            Iterator<? extends T> it = e.iterator();

            while (it.hasNext()) {
                List<T> cycle = visit(it.next(), edges, finished, r);

                if (cycle != null) {
                    if (cycle instanceof ArrayList) {
                        // if cycle instanceof ArrayList we are still in the
                        // cycle and we want to collect new members
                        if (Boolean.FALSE == finished.get(node)) {
                            // another member in the cycle
                            cycle.add(node);
                        } else {
                            // we have reached the head of the cycle
                            // do not add additional cycles anymore
                            Collections.reverse(cycle);

                            // changing cycle to not be ArrayList
                            cycle = Collections.unmodifiableList(cycle);
                        }
                    }

                    // mark this node as tested
                    finished.put(node, Boolean.TRUE);

                    // and report an error
                    return cycle;
                }
            }
        }

        finished.put(node, Boolean.TRUE);
        r.add(node);

        return null;
    }
    private static final class TopologicalSortException extends Exception {
        /** all vertexes */

        private Collection vertexes;

        /** map with edges */
        private Map edges;

        /** result if called twice */
        private Set[] result;

        /** counter to number the vertexes */
        private int counter;

        /** vertexes sorted by increasing value of y */
        private Stack<Vertex> dualGraph = new Stack<Vertex>();

        TopologicalSortException(Collection vertexes, Map edges) {
            this.vertexes = vertexes;
            this.edges = edges;
        }

        /** Because the full sort was not possible, this methods
     * returns the best possible substitute for it that is available.
     *
     * @return list of partially sorted objects, the list can be freely modified
     */
        public final List partialSort() {
            Set[] all = topologicalSets();

            ArrayList<Object> res = new ArrayList<Object>(vertexes.size());

            for (int i = 0; i < all.length; i++) {
                for (Object e : all[i]) {
                    res.add(e);
                }
            }

            return res;
        }

        /** The topological sort could not be finished as there
     * are some objects that are mutually refering to each other.
     * This methods finds such objects and partition them into
     * separate sets. All objects in one set (transitively) refer to
     * each other and thus prevent the sort from succeding. As
     * there can be more of such "unsortable sets" an array
     * of them is returned.
     *
     * @return array of sets that contain some of the original objects, result
     *   shall not be modified
     */
        public final Set[] unsortableSets() {
            Set[] all = topologicalSets();

            ArrayList<Set> unsort = new ArrayList<Set>();

            for (int i = 0; i < all.length; i++) {
                if ((all[i].size() > 1) || !(all[i] instanceof HashSet)) {
                    unsort.add(all[i]);
                }
            }

            return unsort.toArray(new Set[0]);
        }

        @Override
    public String getMessage() {
            StringWriter w = new StringWriter();
            PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(w);
            printDebug(pw);
            pw.close();
            return w.toString();
        }

        @Override
    public String toString() {
            String s = getClass().getName();
            return s;
        }

        private void printDebug(java.io.PrintWriter w) {
            w.print("TopologicalSortException - Collection: "); // NOI18N
            w.print(vertexes);
            w.print(" with edges "); // NOI18N
            w.print(edges);
            w.println(" cannot be sorted"); // NOI18N

            Set[] bad = unsortableSets();

            for (int i = 0; i < bad.length; i++) {
                w.print(" Conflict #"); // NOI18N
                w.print(i);
                w.print(": "); // NOI18N
                w.println(bad[i]);
            }
        }

        /** Adds description why the graph cannot be sorted.
     * @param w writer to write to
     */
        public @Override final void printStackTrace(java.io.PrintWriter w) {
            printDebug(w);
            super.printStackTrace(w);
        }

        /** Adds description why the graph cannot be sorted.
     * @param s stream to write to
     */
        public @Override final void printStackTrace(java.io.PrintStream s) {
            java.io.PrintWriter w = new java.io.PrintWriter(s);
            this.printStackTrace(w);
            w.flush();
        }

        /** As the full topological sort cannot be finished due to cycles
     * in the graph this methods performs a partition topological sort.
     * <P>
     * First of all it identifies unsortable parts of the graph and
     * partitions the graph into sets of original objects. Each set contains
     * objects that are mutually unsortable (there is a cycle between them).
     * Then the topological sort is performed again on those sets, this
     * sort succeeds because the graph of sets is DAG (all problematic edges
     * were only between objects now grouped inside the sets) and the
     * result forms the return value of this method.
     *
     * @return array of sorted sets that contain the original objects, each
     *   object from the original collection is exactly in one set, result
     *   shall not be modified
     */
        public final Set[] topologicalSets() {
            if (result != null) {
                return result;
            }

            HashMap<Object, Vertex> vertexInfo = new HashMap<Object, Vertex>();

            // computes value X and Y for each vertex
            counter = 0;

            Iterator it = vertexes.iterator();

            while (it.hasNext()) {
                constructDualGraph(counter, it.next(), vertexInfo);
            }

            // now connect vertexes that cannot be sorted into own
        // sets
        // map from the original objects to 
            Map<Object, Set> objectsToSets = new HashMap<Object, Set>();

            ArrayList<Set> sets = new ArrayList<Set>();

            while (!dualGraph.isEmpty()) {
                Vertex v = dualGraph.pop();

                if (!v.visited) {
                    Set<Object> set = new HashSet<Object>();
                    visitDualGraph(v, set);

                    if ((set.size() == 1) && v.edgesFrom.contains(v)) {
                        // mark if there is a self reference and the
                    // set is only one element big, it means that there
                    // is a self cycle
                    //
                    // do not use HashSet but Collections.singleton
                    // to recognize such cycles
                        set = Collections.singleton(v.object);
                    }

                    sets.add(set);

                    // fill the objectsToSets mapping
                    it = set.iterator();

                    while (it.hasNext()) {
                        objectsToSets.put(it.next(), set);
                    }
                }
            }

            // now topologically sort the sets
        // 1. prepare the map
            HashMap<Set, Collection<Set>> edgesBetweenSets = new HashMap<Set, Collection<Set>>();
            it = edges.entrySet().iterator();

            while (it.hasNext()) {
                Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) it.next();
                Collection leadsTo = (Collection) entry.getValue();

                if ((leadsTo == null) || leadsTo.isEmpty()) {
                    continue;
                }

                Set from = objectsToSets.get(entry.getKey());

                Collection<Set> setsTo = edgesBetweenSets.get(from);

                if (setsTo == null) {
                    setsTo = new ArrayList<Set>();
                    edgesBetweenSets.put(from, setsTo);
                }

                Iterator convert = leadsTo.iterator();

                while (convert.hasNext()) {
                    Set to = objectsToSets.get(convert.next());

                    if (from != to) {
                        // avoid self cycles
                        setsTo.add(to);
                    }
                }
            }

            // 2. do the sort
            try {
                List<Set> listResult = topologicalSort(sets, edgesBetweenSets);
                result = listResult.toArray(new Set[0]);
            } catch (TopologicalSortException ex) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Cannot happen"); // NOI18N
            }

            return result;
        }

        /** Traverses the tree
     * @param counter current value
     * @param vertex current vertex
     * @param vertexInfo the info
     */
        private Vertex constructDualGraph(int counter, Object vertex, HashMap<Object, Vertex> vertexInfo) {
            Vertex info = vertexInfo.get(vertex);

            if (info == null) {
                info = new Vertex(vertex, counter++);
                vertexInfo.put(vertex, info);
            } else {
                // already (being) processed
                return info;
            }

            // process children
            Collection c = (Collection) edges.get(vertex);

            if (c != null) {
                Iterator it = c.iterator();

                while (it.hasNext()) {
                    Vertex next = constructDualGraph(counter, it.next(), vertexInfo);
                    next.edgesFrom.add(info);
                }
            }

            // leaving the vertex
            info.y = counter++;

            dualGraph.push(info);

            return info;
        }

        /** Visit dual graph. Decreasing value of Y gives the order.
     * Number
     *
     * @param vertex vertex to start from
     * @param visited list of all objects that we've been to
     */
        private void visitDualGraph(Vertex vertex, Collection<Object> visited) {
            if (vertex.visited) {
                return;
            }

            visited.add(vertex.object);
            vertex.visited = true;

            Iterator it = vertex.edges();

            while (it.hasNext()) {
                Vertex v = (Vertex) it.next();
                visitDualGraph(v, visited);
            }
        }

        /** Represents info about a vertex in the graph. Vertexes are
     * comparable by the value of Y, but only after the value is set,
     * so the sort has to be done latelly.
     */
00591         private static final class Vertex implements Comparable<Vertex> {
            /** the found object */

00594             public Object object;

            /** list of vertexes that point to this one */
00597             public List<Vertex> edgesFrom = new ArrayList<Vertex>();

            /** the counter state when we entered the vertex */
00600             public final int x;

            /** the counter when we exited the vertex */
00603             public int y;

            /** already sorted, true if the edges has been sorted */
00606             public boolean sorted;

            /** true if visited in dual graph */
00609             public boolean visited;

            public Vertex(Object obj, int x) {
                this.x = x;
                this.object = obj;
            }

            /** Iterator over edges
         * @return iterator of Vertex items
         */
00619             public Iterator edges() {
                if (!sorted) {
                    Collections.sort(edgesFrom);
                    sorted = true;
                }

                return edgesFrom.iterator();
            }

            /** Comparing based on value of Y.
         *
         * @param   o the Object to be compared.
         * @return  a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer as this object
         *                 is less than, equal to, or greater than the specified object.
         */
00634             public int compareTo(Vertex o) {
                return o.y - y;
            }
        }

    }
}

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